Complete List of secretaries of State of the XXIV Constitutional Government


Hours after the first weekly meeting between the Prime Minister, Luís Montenegro, and the President of the Republic, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, the list of Secretaries of State that the Head of State accepted was made public, days after the 17 Executive Ministers – as well as the Prime Minister himself – having been sworn in.

Thus, the 41 names that will take office at 6pm, on Friday, at Palácio da Ajuda, in Lisbon, have now been made public.

You can see the profiles of the different Secretaries of State in this document .

The list of secretaries of State of the XXIV Constitutional Government, who will take office on Friday, is complete, and which has been made available on the official website of the Presidency of the Republic .

This is the complete list of secretaries of State of the XXIV Constitutional Government:

Ministry of State and Foreign Affairs

Secretary of State for European Affairs: Inês Carmelo Rosa Calado Lopes Domingos

Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation: Nuno Ricardo Ribeiro de Carvalho de Azevedo Sampaio

Secretary of State for Portuguese Communities: José de Almeida Cesário

Ministry of State and Finance

Secretary of State for the Budget: José Maria Gonçalves Pereira Brandão de Brito

Secretary of State for Fiscal Affairs: Cláudia Maria dos Reis Duarte Melo de Carvalho

Secretary of State for Treasury and Finance: João Alexandre Silva Lopes

Secretary of State for Public Administration: Marisa da Luz Bento Garrido Marques Oliveira

Ministry of the Presidency

Secretary of State for the Presidency of the Council of Ministers: Paulo José Martins Raposo Lopes Marcelo

Deputy Secretary of State and Presidency: Rui Armindo da Costa Freitas

Ministry of Territorial Cohesion

Secretary of State for Regional Development: Hélder Manuel Gomes dos Reis

Secretary of State for Local Administration: Hernâni Dias

Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs

Deputy Secretary of State and Parliamentary Affairs: Carlos Eduardo Almeida de Abreu Amorim

Secretary of State for Sport: Pedro Miguel Pereira Dias

Ministry of National Defence

Deputy Secretary of State and National Defense: Álvaro Castelo Branco

Secretary of State for National Defence: Ana Isabel Xavier

Justice ministry

Deputy Secretary of State and Justice: Maria José Dias da Mota Magalhães de Barros

Secretary of State for Justice: Maria Clara Figueiredo

Ministry of Internal Affairs

Secretary of State for Internal Administration: Telmo Augusto Janes de Noronha Côrrea

Secretary of State for Civil Protection: Paulo Simões Ribeiro

Ministry of Education, Science and Innovation

Deputy Secretary of State and Education: Manuel Alexandre Mateus Homem Cristo

Secretary of State for Education: Pedro Tiago Dantas Machado da Cunha

Secretary of State for Science: Ana Maria Severino de Almeida Paiva

Ministry of Health

Secretary of State for Health: Ana Margarida Pinheiro Povo

Secretary of State for Health Management: Cristina Alexandra Rodrigues da Cruz Vaz Tomé

Ministry of Infrastructure and Housing

Secretary of State for Infrastructure: Hugo Morato Alface do Espírito Santo

Secretary of State for Mobility: Cristina Maria dos Santos Pinto Dias

Secretary of State for Housing: Patrícia Gonçalves Costa de Machado Santos

Ministry of Economy

Secretary of State for Tourism: Pedro Manuel Monteiro Machado

Secretary of State for Economy: João Rui da Silva Gomes Ferreira

Secretary of State for the Sea: Lídia Bulcão

Ministry of Labor, Solidarity and Social Security

Secretary of State for Labor: Adriano Rafael Sousa Moreira

Deputy Secretary of State and Social Security: Jorge Manuel de Almeida Campino

Secretary of State for Social Action and Inclusion: Clara Marques Mendes

Ministry of Environment and Energy

Secretary of State for the Environment: Emídio Ferreira dos Santos Sousa

Secretary of State for Energy: Maria João Pereira

Ministry of Youth and Modernization

Secretary of State for Equality: Carla da Cruz Mouro

Secretary of State for Modernization and Digitalization: Alberto Manuel Rodrigues da Silva

Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries

Secretary of State for Agriculture: João Manuel Moura Rodrigues

Secretary of State for Fisheries: Cláudia Sofia Gomes Monteiro de Aguiar

Secretary of State for Forests: Rui Miguel Ladeira Pereira

Ministry of Culture

Secretary of State for Culture: Maria de Lurdes dos Anjos Craveiro




Crime data – Analysis awaits publication of RASI


Lisbon, April 1, 2024 (Lusa) – The president of the Internal Security Observatory admitted today that crime data in 2023 is worrying, but argued that a deeper analysis will only be possible with the Annual Internal Security Report (RASI).

According to statistics from the Directorate-General for Justice Policy, crimes recorded by the Portuguese police increased by around 8% last year compared to 2022 and reached the highest values ​​in 10 years, totalling 371,995 incidents.

Speaking to the Lusa agency, Hugo Costeira said that a comparison must be made with the type of crime and check in which areas of the country there is a record of a higher crime rate, highlighting that there may also have been an increase in the number of complaints and not crimes.

“From a statistical point of view, it is really a worrying statistic”, he admitted, highlighting that it is necessary to reflect with more data, which allows other considerations and measures to be taken.

In Hugo Costeira’s opinion, “there may not be a real increase in crime”, but rather an increase in the number of complaints to the authorities, with a consequent decrease in the so-called black numbers.

Dark figures represent “people who are victims of crimes and who do not report them and who actually start reporting them”, which could help explain a possible real increase.

“I think we will have to wait for RASI and try to understand, here in the types of crimes, what exactly are we talking about, what are the areas where this is happening, what causes this to happen according to geography”, he highlighted.

He gave as an example the increase in drug trafficking, arguing that it will be necessary to see in which areas of the country this happened in order to make a more comprehensive reading and “understand if there is any additional factor that should be the subject of specific attention from the authorities”, particularly at the level of proximity policing.

Looking at organized crime, for example in the case of residential robberies, he pointed out that we have heard a lot about the fact that these crimes are carried out by “groups that may not even be national”.

“They come to Portugal to commit this crime and disappear and, therefore, they are not even residents. Therefore, it is not even an immigration issue, it is a highly organized crime issue,” she pointed out.

He defended, once again, the need to cross-reference this data with the elements that may appear in the RASI and that allow “from a technical point of view, to make some comparisons and draw some conclusions”.

He also gave an example with the records of driving a vehicle with an alcohol content – ​​“which really is a big crime” – to explain that it is necessary to analyse in which areas this happens most, if the people identified are younger or if the crimes happen together to nightlife venues.

“Therefore, there are several metrics here that have to be analysed, even for the answer to be an assertive answer, because we have to understand why there are so many arrests with this blood alcohol level, for example”, maintained Hugo Costeira.

He also stressed that crime must be looked at “very assertively, both by political power and by the leaders of security forces and services” so that it is possible to obtain “valid conclusions about why these increases exist”.

Statistics from the Directorate-General for Justice Policy also show that since 2013, when 376,403 occurred, there have not been as many crimes recorded in Portugal as in 2023.

The data also indicates that only in 2020, a year marked by confinements due to the covid-19 pandemic, did crime fall below 300 thousand crimes, with 298,787 occurrences.




lV Albufeira Civil Protection Knowledge Fair


21st, 22nd and 23rd March 2024 

As part of the celebrations of the International Civil Protection Day, which is celebrated on March 1, all interested are invited to participate in the IV Fair of Civil Protection of Knowledge in Albufeira.

The IV Civil Protection Knowledge Fair, with free entrance, will take place in the Albufeira Multipurpose Space on March 21, 22 and 23, between 10 am and 7 pm and will have demonstrations, lectures, awareness-raising actions, informative sessions, simulators, Virtual Risk Room, screenings, workshops and an exhibition of resources and resources of the Civil Protection Officers, located in the parking lot of the Municipal Canteen.

 This Event will allow various Civil Protection Agents, as well as Cooperating Entities, including Safe Communities Portugal, to present their mission, means and resources, enabling direct contact and interaction with the population.

Follow below the direct link to register for the 4th Civil Protection Knowledge Fair 2024 lectures.

 Online registration form:

To attend complete the Registration Form here

Program in English Here

lV Albufeira Civil Protection Knowledge Fair English




NOTICE No./5/DCS/2024

DATE 03/05/2024

TIME 3:30 PM


According to information from the Portuguese Institute of the Sea and Atmosphere (IPMA), precipitation, wind, sea agitation and snowfall are expected for the next 48 hours, highlighting the following aspects:

Wednesday, March 6th:

− Precipitation, especially in the North and Central coastal regions, from the end of the afternoon; Gradual increase in wind intensity, sometimes blowing strongly along the coast and in the highlands.

Thursday, March 7th:

  • Precipitation throughout the territory, being more intense in the North and Centre regions and in mountainous areas;
  • Snowfall in the highest points of Serra da Estrela, gradually descending to 800/1000m altitude at the end of the day;
  • Wind predominating from the west quadrant, gradually increasing in intensity, sometimes blowing strongly along the coastal strip and highlands, with gusts of up to 70 km/h;
  • Gradual increase in maritime agitation, worsening from the early morning of Thursday, March 7th.

Weather information at


Given the change in weather conditions, with forecasts of precipitation, sea disturbances, wind and snowfall, the following is expected:

  • Slippery road surface due to the possibility of accumulation of ice, snow and formation of water patches;
  • Possibility of snowfall in areas and at altitudes where it does not normally occur;
  • Drainage difficulties in urban systems, particularly those seen during periods of high tide, which can cause flooding in historically more vulnerable locations;
  • Possible accidents on the coast due to strong sea waves;
  • Occurrence of flooding in urban areas, caused by accumulation of rainwater due to obstruction of drainage systems or coastal overtopping;
  • Possibility of falling branches or trees, as well as affecting infrastructure associated with communications and energy networks;
  • Damage to mounted or suspended structures;
  • Thermal discomfort in the population due to the sharp drop in minimum temperature.

The National Emergency and Civil Protection Authority (ANEPC) recalls that the impact of these effects can be minimized, mainly through the adoption of appropriate behaviors, therefore, and particularly in historically more vulnerable areas, it is recommended to adopt the main preventive measures to these situations, namely:

  • Ensure the unblocking of rainwater drainage systems and the removal of inert materials and other objects that could be dragged or create obstacles to the free flow of meltwater;
  • Pay attention to the most vulnerable groups (children in the first years of life, chronically ill people, elderly people or people in conditions of greater isolation, workers who work outdoors and homeless people);
  • Ensure adequate fixation of loose structures, namely scaffolding, billboards and other suspended structures;
  • Take special care when traveling and staying near wooded areas, paying attention to the possibility of falling branches and trees, due to stronger wind;
  • Take special care when traveling near the coastline and riverside areas historically more vulnerable to coastal overtopping, avoiding movement and staying in these places;
  • Do not practice activities related to the sea, namely sport fishing, water sports and walks by the sea, also avoiding parking vehicles very close to the seafront;
  • Adopt defensive driving, reducing speed and paying special attention to possible accumulation of snow and/or formation of water tables on roadways;
  • Avoid driving on roads affected by snow accumulation and when this is not possible, adopt the following measures:
  • Checking the condition of the tires and their pressures;
  • Transport and placement of snow chains on vehicles;
  • Ensure fuel supply at levels that allow alternative routes to be taken or the vehicle to remain in operation for long periods of time, in the event of stranding on affected roads;
  • In electric vehicles, the battery charge must be checked and the existence of charging stations on your route must be analysed;
  • Ensure that vehicle heating systems are in good working order;
  • Provide adequate food in quantity and characteristics, as well as medicines, according to the number and type of vehicle occupants.
  • On roads affected by snow accumulation, avoid traveling with children, the elderly or people with special needs;
  • Avoid driving on those roads with heavy vehicles, particularly articulated vehicles, vehicles with trailers and rear-wheel drive vehicles;
  • Restrict the movements of vehicles and people on foot as much as possible in areas potentially affected by snowfall;
  • Do not cross flooded areas, in order to prevent people or vehicles from being dragged into holes in the pavement or open sewage tanks;

Pay attention to meteorological information and indications from Civil Protection and Security Forces.



Houses in Portugal are at Seismic risk due to lack of inspection


Sector association warns of failures in controlling the resistance of concrete in the construction of houses and residential buildings. Quality and safety are at stake

The resistance of the concrete used in housing construction in Portugal is not being monitored as required by law. “It is practically non-existent”, denounces Jorge Reis, general director of the Portuguese Association of Ready-Mix Concrete Companies (APEB). “Portugal is not a good example when it comes to supervising works in the construction sector, especially in private works”, he says.

This lack of control exposes the Portuguese to possible calamities of a similar magnitude to what happened a year ago in Turkey and Syria. The regions of the Metropolitan Area of ​​Lisbon, Algarve and Azores are those with the greatest seismic risk, but there are other areas of the country that are also exposed to earthquakes.

To avoid tragedies, the quality of the concrete incorporated in the construction of houses should be controlled by local authorities and the producers of this material by the Food and Economic Security Authority (ASAE). This was determined in Decree-Law 90/2021. As Jorge Reis explains, “this inspection, which should focus on verifying the certification of concrete producers and on checking the strength of the concrete to assess whether it is in accordance with what was specified by the designer, is practically not carried out by anyone, in complete non-compliance” with the law. In his reading, this failure to comply is due to “lack of knowledge, incapacity or lack of resources”.

ASAE has based its action on documental verification of the certification of concrete producers, but given the requirement of the diploma, it is not yet controlling the quality of the product, said a source from this organization.

To ensure that the manufacture of this material complies with the due composition, ASAE is working together with the National Civil Engineering Laboratory and IAPMEI, recognizing the need for specialized knowledge at a technical level to “apply the law in its entirety”. DN/Dinheiro Vivo also contacted the Ministry of Territorial Cohesion, which is responsible for the local authorities, to obtain clarification on the actions of the council in this matter, but at the time of writing this edition had not received a response.

According to the decree-law, municipal councils must verify whether the builder carried out tests in accredited laboratories on the robustness of the concrete applied in the work, as stipulated by the designer. It is these tests that make it possible to determine the building’s resistance to a possible earthquake. As Jorge Reis highlights, “failing to check the resistance of the concrete applied in private constructions may be compromising the capacity of these constructions to resist an earthquake that may occur, as we know that this will happen, we just don’t know when and with what intensity”.

The sales volume of ready-mixed concrete in Portugal reached 6.6 million cubic meters in 2022, and APEB estimates that last year this value increased by around 5%, to 7 million cubic meters, for use in public and private works. According to Jorge Reis, this indicator “has grown steadily since 2013”. Last year, the sector’s turnover reached 650 million euros.

Source and photo; DN Sónia Santos Pereira





Musical Memories (for seniors) at Ferreiras Football Club on 7 February from 11am to 2pm.


Join us for a heart warming musical journey to catch memories, tap your toes and sing along!  Come and meet new friends and leave with a smile.

Live music, snack bar, FREE entry

Hosted by Home Care Algarve.  For more details call 968 242 929 (office hours) or email

Futebol Clube de Ferreiras, Travessa da Nora, Albufeira




Water from the dams only lasts eight months

Article by: Manuel Catarino (DN) 30th December 2023

“Beneath the exhausted dams, the dry irrigation canals and the citrus and avocado orchards, rivers and streams flow, forming considerable masses of water stored between the rocks. The Algarve has 17 underground aquifers. “They are real [dams in] Alqueva beneath our feet”, according to hydrologist José Paulo Monteiro, which will supply the public network when the dams are exhausted. But these strategic reserves are also becoming “critical”

In the North and Center of the country, where the rains of late October and early November had arrived to fill six reservoirs, it rained heavily again in December. The Serra Serrada and Vilar-Tabuaço dams, in the Douro, the Lagoa Comprida dam, in the Mondego, the Belver, Capinha and Cova de Viriato dams, in the Tagus, all already full of water and satiated, opened floodgates to let the excess flow out. – while in the Algarve the rain in drops was not even enough to wet the six dams in the region, which continue to hang out and pant with thirst.

The Algarve dams — Bravura, Odelouca, Arade and Funcho, in Barlavento; Odeleite and Beliche, in Sotavento — are less than a quarter of capacity, according to reports from the Portuguese Environment Agency (APA). Together they will have no more than 34 cubic hectometers of water, the equivalent of 34 billion litres. It even seems like an immense and inexhaustible sea. But it’s a puddle — a small puddle for tap needs. “It’s enough to supply the public network for about eight months”, says Professor Nuno Loureiro, researcher at the University of Faro, to Diário de Notícias (DN). .

The Municipality of Silves, with three thousand hectares of irrigated land, provides land for most of the Algarve’s orange groves. Around 150 thousand tons of oranges leave here annually, half of the Algarve’s entire production — and the Algarve, according to the National Statistics Institute, contributes almost 90 percent of the total 350 thousand tons for the entire country. Orchards need sun and can’t do without drinking it. They do not lack heat, but water is increasingly scarce.

João Garcia, president of the irrigators association, looks at the green orchards with fear of what may be to come. You don’t have to be a wizard to guess the doom of the drought. The sky clear of clouds and the smiling sun do not bode well. There was a time when it rained more in the Barlavento Algarve, from Sagres to Albufeira, and less in the Sotavento, from Loulé to Vila Real de Santo António. Now, it’s the opposite. At the end of November, blessed battles fell to Sotavento and shameful drops to Windward. The Odelouca and Arade dams, where the water that irrigates the Silves and Lagoa orchards comes from, remained low — so empty that the Portuguese Environment Agency decided to suspend irrigation. Not a drop comes from it for agriculture. The priority is to protect public supply.

Each hectare of orange grove, the equivalent of a football field, requires between six thousand and 6500 cubic meters of water per year — six or 6.5 million liters, from January to December. Irrigation has been so sparing that, this year, the production of oranges of the spring and summer varieties — Lane Late, Valencia and Dom João — fell by half. “There are orchards that have already lost many orange trees. The trees withered and died. Others, fed by boreholes, are on a survival basis: they receive only the water necessary so that the trees do not die, although they produce little or nothing, in the hope that it will rain and they can be recovered”, says João Garcia.

The irrigation workers in Silves still managed to water until the end of November. In the neighbouring Municipality of Lagos, in the Odiáxere area, water is an old memory. For three years now, the beneficiaries of the Bravura Dam — some 1800 hectares of irrigated land — have not had a drop of water running in the irrigation canals. The dam’s reservoir looks like the bottom of a pond and its banks are now authentic arid and stony ravines. The water stored below, so little that it can only be removed with a suction pump, is destined for the public network.

The rains in October, the result of depressions Aline and Bernard, were encouraging. They hit hard. But they passed quickly. They left as quickly as they arrived. No more than 100 thousand cubic meters (100 million liters) of water were left in the Bravura dam. “It was enough for two weeks of public supply,” says the president of the irrigation association, António Marreiros. Not a drop of this water was used for irrigation. The orange orchards have survived the headquarters thanks to two boreholes, opened in the Torre area, lent by the Portimão City Council.

The landscape around the Bravura irrigation canals is changing. Traditional orange groves are quickly being replaced by a new permanent crop – avocados. The plantations, watered from boreholes to underground aquifers, extend from Odiáxere to the municipality of Vila do Bispo. These are trees hated by environmentalists. They point out a mortal sin: they drink a lot of water — water that the Algarve doesn’t have. It’s more fame than profit.

Macário Correia, who the country knew as a committed Secretary of State for the Environment, is an agronomist by training and a farmer. Avocado trees don’t keep you up at night. “It’s not true that they consume as much water as they say,” he assures. They drink, at most, “10 percent more than a citrus grove”, between 6.6 million and seven million liters per hectare per year. More drops, less drops. The tendency is for them to drink less and less water. The University of Algarve, in collaboration with the Regional Directorate of Agriculture, is carrying out a study to promote more efficient irrigation of irrigated crop orchards.

But the avocado tree drinkers have an advantage: they give more income to farmers. The market, according to Macário Correia, “is paying producers for oranges at an average of 20 cents per kilo and for avocados at around two euros”. He focuses on citrus fruits — oranges, tangerines and lemons — and carob. Not a single avocado comes from his family land, on the outskirts of Tavira. But land with this fruit is growing in the Algarve. They extend over 2600 hectares, according to figures from the Regional Directorate of Agriculture, and already represent eight percent of the entire agricultural area in the region. The business seems worthwhile. A study commissioned by the Algarve Business Union shows that current avocado plantations, when they reach production splendor, will generate 40 million euros for the region.

The Algarve’s Gross Domestic Product, according to data from the Regional Coordination and Development Commission, is around 10 billion euros. The biggest contribution comes from tourism. Agriculture is worth around nine percent of wealth: around 900 million euros. It occupies around 32,500 hectares, much of it with citrus fruits, apples, pears, avocados — orchards that require water. The dams are exhausted. Even the Sotavento irrigated areas, eight thousand hectares served by the Odeleite and Beliche dams, ran out of water at the beginning of December. “There is no water to start next year’s campaign”, laments Macário Correia, president of the irrigation association.

Farmers, lacking surface water, resort to underground water. 6765 water intakes are licensed throughout the Algarve, including boreholes, wells and noras, according to the National Water Resources Information System. But no one knows how many illegal boreholes there are. José Paulo Monteiro, hydrologist, professor at the Centre for Water Sciences and Technologies at the University of Faro, calculates that “there are between 20 thousand and 25 thousand boreholes in the Algarve, a region with an area of ​​5400Km2”.

Nuno Loureiro, researcher at the University of Faro, demands “planning and supervision” to prevent “everyone from doing what they want with a scarce good that belongs to everyone”. It won’t be difficult to monitor and put order in the holes. Satellite images, which observe everything, can help.

Nuno Loureiro knows, like few others, the Algarve from space. He is working on building a modern map that should be completed next February. We will then see, down to the smallest millimeter, what the true extent of irrigation in the Algarve is. Satellites have been showing you “an addition” of areas irrigated over time: “The images from the 80s of the last century show how small the citrus fruit patch is in the Silves area and how modest the entire area is to the north and south of Estrada Nacional 125, between Tavira and Vila Real de Santo António. If we look for recent images, from the years 2018, 2020, 2022, we can see that it grows more and more and is watered more and more.” Green is not deceiving. You can see if vegetation is being watered — and this information, crossed with possible water sources, is enough to detect illegal boreholes.

This method of satellite mapping, according to Nuno Loureiro, “allows monitoring the use of water, but it is not being used by political and technical decision-makers, and it needs to start being done”. Even if this winter is a little more generous with rain, this “may alleviate the pain, but it is not a cure”; to the problem that the region faces – and the problem, sums up the scientist, is pointed: “The Algarve consumes more water than it has available.”

Beneath our feet, beneath the exhausted dams and dry irrigation canals, rivers and streams flow, forming considerable masses of water stored among the rocks. The Algarve has 17 underground aquifers — “they are real [dams of] Alqueva”, hydrologist José Paulo Monteiro tells DN. But these strategic reserves “are becoming critical”, because drought and lack of precipitation are preventing them from being recharged. The most important — delimited by Querença, in the Municipality of Loulé, Faro and Silves — has already experienced a “recharge capacity of the order of three million cubic meters per year”. It was time. The water level is dropping so much that salty sea water has already started to infiltrate. The others are no better. What is located in the depths of the earth between Almádena and Odiáxere is saved. Nature trapped him between rocks and cut off his path to the coast.

The Algarve consumes an average of 237 cubic hectometers of water per year, the equivalent of 237 billion liters. More than half, almost 129 hectometers, comes from aquifers — water that is used for everything: public supply, rule of orchards and golf courses, filling of swimming pools… “These reserves are going into the red”, warns the professor Nuno Loureiro.

Nuno Loureiro is only sure of one thing: the Algarve is desertifying – and “I don’t see long-term plans, a solution designed to know where we will get water in 20 years”. Everything goes slowly. The construction of a single desalination plant, as planned, is not enough: “Two or three are needed.”

If desalination is like the airport story, the Algarve will die of thirst. Unless São Pedro sends rain in buckets that fill dams and recharge aquifers. Otherwise, it will be necessary to go to underground reserves, the “Alquevas beneath our feet”, so that there is no shortage of water in the taps”.




More than 1.2 million people have suffered discrimination in Portugal


Lisbon, 22 December 2022 (Lusa) – More than 1.2 million people (16.1%) have suffered discrimination in Portugal, especially Roma (51.3%), the National Statistics Institute (INE) revealed today.

Next are black people (44.2%) or “mixed people” (40.4%), according to the results of the Survey on Living Conditions, Origins and Trajectories of the Resident Population in Portugal (ICOT), presented by INE as an unprecedented statistical project in Portugal.

Discrimination also affected the unemployed (24.9%), younger people (18.9%), educated people (18.3%) and women (17.5%), according to the categories established by INE.

“More than 4.9 million people (65.1%) consider discrimination to exist in Portugal and 2.7 million (35.9%) have witnessed this type of situation”, says INE.

Ethnic group, skin colour, sexual orientation and territory of origin constitute “the most relevant factors” in perceived and witnessed discrimination, according to the same source.

The survey began in January, with a view to covering more than 35,000 homes, to address, among other issues, the ethnic-racial origin of people who have resided in Portugal for at least 12 months, and comes after the organization decided not to include in the 2021 Census a question on this matter, as intended by the majority of members of the working group created in 2019 by the Government to evaluate the issue.

According to the results of the work, people between 18 and 74 years old identified themselves, in terms of origin or ethnic belonging, as follows: 6.4 million with the white ethnic group; 169.2 thousand with the black group; 56.6 thousand with the Asian group; 47.5 thousand with the gypsy ethnic group; and 262.3 thousand with the group of mixed origin or belonging.

“The population that identifies as Asian, of mixed origin or belonging, black and gypsy has a younger age structure than that which identifies as white”, highlighted the INE.

In Portugal, 1.4 million people have an immigration path, of whom 947.5 thousand are first-generation immigrants, most represented in the Algarve regions (31.0% and 24.2%, respectively) and Lisbon Metropolitan Area (29 .2% and 18.8%, respectively).

“The population that identifies with the ethnic groups black, Asian and mixed origin or belonging has the highest proportions of immigration background (90.3%, 83.7% and 69.2%, respectively)”, reads the document .

The majority of first-generation immigrants (65.2%) have lived in Portugal for more than 10 years. Family and professional reasons are “determining when coming to Portugal”.

More than three quarters (76.3%) say they have a strong or very strong feeling of connection to Portugal. Just over half (53.5%) have the same feeling regarding Europe.

“The population with an immigration background and first-generation immigrants have a greater connection to Portugal than to the family’s country of origin or the country where they were born”, highlighted the statisticians.

More than 4.7 million people aged 18 to 74 were employed (62.4%), with emphasis on ethnic groups of mixed origin or belonging (67.9%), black (64.3%) and white (62 .9%).

“More than two million people had to work while studying and 1.7 million were forced to leave their studies earlier than they would have liked”, found the authors of the work.

In addition to Portuguese, 486.4 thousand people spoke another language at home up to the age of 15. “Currently, 661.7 thousand speak Portuguese at home and another language”.

The languages ​​of other European countries and languages ​​or dialects of Portuguese-speaking African Countries (PALOP) are among the most spoken.

The population within the survey’s reference age range resides mainly in the North region (35.5%), followed by the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (27.3%) and the Center region (21.2%).

“The geographic distribution of the population according to ethnic group allows us to observe, however, a different pattern of distribution in the territory: while the population that identifies with the white group follows the pattern observed in the total population, the population that identifies with the black (69.9%), mixed origin or belonging (48.4%) and Asian (34.7%) groups are mainly concentrated in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area”, specified the INE.

Around three quarters of the population (74.3%) resides in predominantly urban areas, “where the following ethnic groups particularly stand out, with higher than average values: black (91.7%), mixed origin or belonging (88, 7%) and Asian (80.3%)”.





Fires: Fuel management policy without scientific basis


Coimbra, 10 Dec 2023 (Lusa) – A research project in Coimbra concluded that there is no significant difference in fire behaviour between managed and unmanaged areas close to infrastructure, and revealed a lack of scientific support for the current fuel management policy.

“We were unable to prove, in statistical terms, that there is a statistically significant difference between managed areas and unmanaged areas [next to infrastructure],” Joaquim Sande Silva, who coordinated the InduForestFire research project, together with João Paulo Rodrigues, told Lusa. .

For the researcher and professor at the Escola Superior Agrária de Coimbra, the review of the legislation around fuel management bands that came out in 2018, after the large fires that had occurred the previous year, “was not produced with any scientific basis, nor experts in the field were not even consulted to produce this legislation.”

InduForestFire, focused on supporting political decisions for the mitigation of urban-forest interface fires, is led by Itecons – Institute of Research and Technological Development for Construction, Energy, Environment and Sustainability of the University of Coimbra (responsible for the structural component) and by the Escola Superior Agrária of the Polytechnic of Coimbra (forestry component).

In the forestry component, the team focused on fuel management and the forest composition around infrastructures, “with the backdrop of the legislation currently in force and in the process of being reviewed and amended”.

The results and technical recommendations of this scientific project will be presented on Monday, at the Escola Superior Agrária de Coimbra, between 9:00 am and 5:30 pm.

Phot:  A resident watches the progression of a wildfire in Linhares, Celorico da Beira in Portugal on August 11, 2022. (AFP)

According to the researcher, the legislation currently in force forced “highly debatable work”, with trees of high heritage value being “thrown down”, without any scientific support that could demonstrate that these same trees would be a threat to the safety of people and infrastructure. .

“We wanted to compare fire behaviour within managed areas and in an adjacent unmanaged area. We did this in ten different locations in the Central region and, in statistical terms, we found no difference in fire behaviour between the managed and unmanaged areas,” he said.

The researcher highlighted that, in the managed strips, vegetation is reduced, but, as they are more open areas, wind speed tends to increase in these locations and the material is “drier and the temperature on the ground is higher”.

For Joaquim Sande Silva, if you reduce the size of fuels, you end up increasing “the conditions for propagation”.

From the teacher’s perspective, there was some haste in the legislation that came out in 2018, in reaction to the large fires that had occurred the previous year.

In addition to analysing fire behaviour in fuel management zones, the project team also analysed fire behaviour in a hardwood area.

Using fire simulations, but using input data “very close to reality”, with field collection of fuel characteristics and micrometeorology data, it was possible to conclude “that it is more advantageous to have a hardwood cover than to have just one open field”, he stated.

Furthermore, the researcher highlighted that Portugal currently has “a big problem with invasive species”, such as acacias, and concluded that there is a preference for their colonization “in these fuel management zones”. .

“The maintenance of these strips is very unsustainable, from a financial point of view, and, on the other hand, with hardwoods, there is a maintenance of shade that ensures that very little or nothing grows underneath”, he stressed, giving the example of Mata da Margaraça, in Arganil, where the October 2017 fire occurred, but where the behaviour was very different – ​​a low fire that ended up extinguishing as soon as it reached the wetter areas of the forest.





Have you been cloned?


I always remember watching a Sci-Fi film a few years ago entitled “Star Trek – Nemesis”, where Captain Picard is cloned; in this case creating a criminal “double”.

Implausible? Possibly not in the case of identity theft.


Data Breaches

From ordering food, requesting a taxi and checking our bank accounts, to meeting new people and selling our unwanted items, more of our lives are spent online. And whilst these digital services have given us more convenience and a better customer experience, we are giving our personal data to an unlimited number of people and companies.

And we’ve lost track of the details we’ve given – after giving them to so many different people and companies, it’s hard to remember who we gave our details to, what information we gave or when we gave them. A terrifying thought when news of data breaches hit the headlines almost every day.

In 2022, there were 5.7 million reports of fraud and identity theft with Consumers worldwide losing US$8.8 billion to identity theft alone. It is not just the initial loss however, studies showed that victims spent an average of over six months and 200 hours trying to recover their identities.

Furthermore having your identity stolen is an ordeal. Your bank account and credit score ratings are far from the only things that suffer. A traumatic event like this can also affect your relationship with family and friends. In an ITRC survey of identity theft victims, 45% of respondents said they didn’t get enough support from their family, while 65% said the same about their friends.

Identity theft and fraud

Identity fraud is something that occours when your name and personal information is used by someone else without your knowledge to obtain, goods, credit or other services fraudulently.

The number of consumers who have made purchases on-line increased to 2.64 billion in 2022, making up 33.3% of the world population. This is one of the main reasons identity theft numbers are in the millions. Sharing payment information, is the precursor to most identity theft incidents. According to statistics, the victims of online identity theft sprung from online shopping consumers after purchasing an item. However, 51% of consumers were targeted through phishing emails.  This illustrates that online users should be wary of their personal information when shopping or purchasing, ensuring their data is safe from identity thieves. (Source Global Newswire)

Social media sites generate revenue with targeted advertising, based on personal information. As such, they encourage registered users to provide as much information as possible. With limited government oversight, industry standards or incentives to educate users on security, privacy and identity protection, users are exposed to identity theft and fraud. Additionally, these platforms have an abundance of confidential user information, and are likely vulnerable to outside (or inside) attack.

A new report from, a human layer security company, has revealed that 84% of people post personal information to their social media accounts every week, with two-fifths (42%) posting every day, giving hackers the data they need to launch an attack. It reveals that half of people share names and pictures of their children, nearly three-quarters (72%) mention birthday celebrations, and 81% of workers update their job status on social media.

Hackers interviewed in the report explain how cybercriminals use social media posts to help identify their targets and craft highly targeted and convincing social engineering attacks. For example, with knowledge of who is within a person’s network, cybercriminals can easily impersonate someone their target trusts in order to manipulate them into wiring money or sharing information and account credentials.

How your identity can be stolen

There are many ways that someone can steal your identity, including: finding out your bank details; taking your passport or driving licence, or copying the details; copying your credit card details; accessing your personal information through a fraudulent website or email; taking junk mail that has your personal information on it and going through your dustbin to find receipts or other information. You may not know straight away that your identity has been stolen.

How to Reduce the Risk of Identity Fraud

Firstly off course is to be vigilant; be very cautious of anybody who contacts you unexpectedly (by phone or though email etc) and asks for personal information or account details even if they claim to be from the authorities or your bank. Ask for their name and a contact number and then check with the organisation in question before calling back.

It is important to guard your credit cards. Minimise the number of cards you carry in your wallet. In particular do not carry a written pin number with you. If you lose a card, contact the fraud division or emergency contact number of the relevant credit card company. Watch cashiers when you give them your card for a purchase and make sure you can see your credit card at all times.

.Being Safe On-line

If you use the internet ensure you have the latest security patches and up-to-date anti-virus software installed. An excellent website offers advice on keeping your details private on social networks as well as other advice such as avoiding scams, phishing attacks etc. You can avoid the risks and enjoy social networking sites by following a few sensible guidelines in particular:

Don’t let peer pressure or what other people are doing on these sites push you into doing something you’re not comfortable with. Just because other people post their mobile phone number or birthday, doesn’t mean you have to. Pick a user name that doesn’t include any personal information.  Use a strong password and not the same one for all websites.

Use the privacy features on the site you use to restrict strangers’ access to your profile. Be guarded about who you let join your network. Remember what goes online stays on-line. Don’t say anything or publish pictures that might cause you embarrassment later.

More details on this can be found on our website